The scorpion cytogenetic database

Current version: 7.5 (Jan 31, 2019)

Marielle Cristina Schneider, Viviane Fagundes Mattos and Doralice Maria Cella

Introduction of Database Families - Cytogenetics of spiders Bibliography Arthropoda cytogenetics group Spider database Pseudoscorpion database Harvestmen database Chromosomal analyses


ADILARDI, R.S. OJANGUREN-AFFILASTRO, A.A. RODRÍGUEZ-GIL, S.G. SCIOSCIA, C.L. and MOLA, L.M. Meiotic studies in Brachistosternus alienus (Scorpiones; Bothriuridae). The Journal of Arachnology. v. 41, n.2, p. 222-226, 2013.


ADILARDI, R. S.; AFFILASTRO, A. O.; MARTÍ, D. A.; MOLA, L. M. Cytogenetic analysis on geographically distant parthenogenetic populations of Tityus trivitattus Kraepelin, 1898 (Scorpiones, Buthidae): karyotype, constitutive heterochromatin and rDNA localization. Comparative Cytogenetics, v. 8, p. 81-92, 2014.


ADILARDI, R. S.; OJANGUREN-AFFILASTRO A. A.; MATTONI, C. I.; MOLA, L. M. Male and female meiosis in the mountain scorpion Zabius fuscus (Scorpiones, Buthidae): heterochromatin, rDNA and TTAGG telomeric repeats. Genetica. v. 143, p.393-401, 2015.


ADILARDI, R. S.; OJANGUREN-AFFILASTRO, A. A.; MOLA, L. M. Sex-linked chromosome heterozigosity in males of Tityus confluens (Buthidae): a clue about the presence of sex chromosomes in scorpions. PLoS ONE, v. 11, n. 10, p. 1-18, 2016.


ALMEIDA, B.R.R.; MILHOMEM-PAIXÃO, S.S.R.; NORONHA, R.C.R.; NAGAMACHI, C.Y.; COSTA, M.J.R.; PARDAL, P.P.O.; COELHO, J.S.; PIECZARKA, J.C. Karyotype diversity and chromosomal organization of repetitive DNA in Tityus obscurus (Scorpiones, Buthidae). BMC Genetics n. 18, 2017.


BRIEGER, F.G. and GRANER, E. A. On the cytology of Tityus bahiensis with special reference to meiotic prophase. Genetics. v. 28, p. 269-274, 1943.


CARNOY, J. B. La cytodiérèse chez les arthropodes. Cellule, v. 1, p.189-440, 1885.


CUNHA, A. B. and PAVAN, C. Duas novas configurações cromosômicas em Tityus bahiensis (Scorpiones – Buthidae). Ciência e Cultura. v. 6, p. 18-20, 1954.


FERREIRA A. Contribution to the knowledge of cytology of two species of Brazilian scorpions: Opisthacantus manauarensis, Ferreira, 1967 (Scorpiones, Scorpionidae) and Bothriurus asper araguaie (Scorpiones, Bothriuridae). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. v. 40, p. 97-99, 1968.


GUÉNIN, H. A. Contribution à la connaissance cytologique des scorpions: les chromosomes de Pandinus imperator Koch. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, v. 64, p. 349-353, 1957.


GUÉNIN, H. A. Contribution a la connaissance cytologique des scorpions: les chromosomes de Buthus occitanus Amor. (I). Vie et Milieu. v. 12, p. 89-96, 1961.


GUPTA, A. K. D. and SARKER, S. K. A study of the meiotic chromosomes of the scorpion Buthus tamulus Fabr. Current Science. v. 2, p. 54-55, 1965.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; STAHLAVSKÝ, F.; KORÍNKOVÁ, T.; KRÁL, J. and ENDE, T. Tityus ythieri Lourenço, 2007 is a synonym of Tityus magnimanus Pocock, 1897 (Scorpiones: Buthidae): a combined approach using morphology, hybridization experiments, chromosomes, and mitochondrial DNA. Euscorpius, v. 77, p. 1-12, 2009.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; PLISKOVA, J. and STAHLAVSKY, F. Euscorpiops neradi sp. n. from  Thailand (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae). Euscorpius,  n. 173, p. 01-19, 2013.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; KRÁL, J.; KOŘÍNKOVÁ, T. and LERMA, A.C.R. Chaerilus hofereki sp. n. from Vietnam (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae). Euscorpius, n. 189, p.1–11 2014.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; LOWE, G.; SEITER, M.; PLISKOVÁ, J.; STAHLAVSKY, F. Scorpions of Ethiopia (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part II. Genus Babycurus Karsh, 1886 (Buthidae), with description of two new species. Euscorpius. v. 196, p. 1-31, 2015a.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; KOSULIC, O.; STAHLAVSKY, F.; PLISKOVÁ, J.; DONGKHAMFU, W.; WONGPROM, P. Two new species of Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980 from Thailand and Myanmar (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae). Annales Zoologici (Warszawa). v.65, p. 109-122, 2015b.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; LOWE, G.; HOFEREK, D.; FORMAN, M. and KRÁL, J. Two new Chaerilus from Vietnam (Scorpiones, Chaerilidae), with observations of growth and maturation of Chaerilus granulatus sp. n. and C. hofereki Kovařík et al., 2014. Euscorpius, n. 213, p. 1-21, 2015c.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; LOWE, G. and ŠŤÁHLAVSKÝ, F. Review of northwestern African Buthacus, with description of Buthacus stockmanni sp. n. from Morocco and western Sahara (Scorpiones, Buthidae). Euscorpius. n. 236, p. 1-18, 2016a.


Kovarík, F.; Lowe, G.; Ranawana, K.B.; Hoferek, D.; Jayarathne, V.A.S.; Plisková, J.; Stahlavský, F. Scorpions of Sri Lanka (Arachnida, Scorpiones, Buthidae, Chaerilidae, Scorpionidae) with description of four new species of the genera Charmus Karsch, 1879 and Reddyanus Vachon, 1972, stat. n. Euscorpius n. 220, p.1-133, 2016b.


Kovarík, F.; Lowe, G.; Plisková, J.; Stahlavský F. Scorpions of horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part VI. Compsobuthus Vachon, 1949 (Buthidae), with a description of C. eritreaensis sp. n. Euscorpius n. 226, p. 1-21, 2016c.


KOVAŘÍK,F.; LOWE, G.; PLÍŠKOVÁ, J. and ŠŤÁHLAVSKÝ, F. Scorpions of the horn of Africa (Arachnida:Scorpiones). Part VII. Parabuthus Pocock, 1980 (Buthidae), with description of P. hamar sp. n. and P. kajibu sp. n. from Ethiopia. Euscorpius. n.228, p. 1-58, 2016d.


KOVAŘÍK, F; LOWE, G. and ŠŤÁHLAVSKÝ, F. Scorpions of the horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part. IX. Lanzatus, Orthochirus, and Somalicharmus (Buthidae), with description of Lanzatus somalilandus sp. n. and Orthochirus afar sp. n. Euscorpius. n. 232, p. 1-38, 2016e.


Kovarík, F.; Lowe, G.; Hoferek, D.; Plisková, J.; Stahlavský, F. Scorpions of Ethiopia. Part IV. Genus Uroplects Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius n. 217, p.1-14, 2016f.


KOVARÍK, F.; LOW, G.; MAZUCH, T.; PLISKOVÁ, J.; STAHLAVSKÝ F. Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XI. Pandinurus kmoniceki sp. n. (Scorpionidae) from Somaliland. Euscorpius n. 243, p. 1-14, 2017a.


Kovařík, F., LOWE, G., MAZUCH, T., AWALE, A.I., Štundlová, J., Šťáhlavský, F. Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part XII. Pandinurus hangarale sp. n. (Scorpionidae) from Somaliland and a review of type locality and true distribution of Pandinurus smithi (Pocock, 1897). Euscorpius. n. 253, p.1-18, 2017b.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; LOWE, G.; ŠŤÁHLAVSKÝ, F. Review of the genus Babycurus Karsch, 1886 (Arachnida, Scorpiones, Buthidae), with descriptions of Barbaracurus gen. n. and two new species from Oman and Yemen. Euscorpius. n. 267, p. 1-41, 2018a.


KOVAŘÍK, F.; LOWE, G.; ŠŤÁHLAVSKÝ, F. Three new Chaerilus from Malaysia (Tioman Island) and Thailand (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae), with a review of C. cimrmani, C. sejnai, and C. tichyi. Euscorpius. n. 268, p. 1-27, 2018b.


LOWE, G. KOVARIK, F. STOCKMANN, M. STAHLAVSKY, F.  Review of Microbuthus with description of M. satyrus sp. n. (Scorpiones, Buthidae) from Oman and Yemen. Euscorpius,  n. 263, p. 1-22, 2018.


MAKINO, S. A review of the chromosome numbers in animals. Tokyo: Hokurykan. 1956.


MATTOS, V. F.; CELLA, D. M.; CARVALHO, L. S.; CANDIDO, D. M.; SCHENEIDER, M. C. High chromosome variability and the presence of multivalent association in buthid scorpions. Chromosome Research, v. 21, p. 121-136, 2013.


MATTOS, V. F. CARVALHO, L. S. CARVALHO, M. A. SCHNEIDER, M. C. Insigths into the origin of the high variability of multivalent meiotic associations in holocentric chromosomes of Tityus (Archaeotityus) scorpions. PloS One, v. 13, p. e0192070, 2018.


MOUSTAFA, M. A.; ALAA, A. M.; SARHAN, M. H. and YASEEN, A. E. Chromosomal studies on four Egyptian scorpion species of genus Androctonus (Family: Buthidae). Cytologia, v. 70, p. 161-165, 2005.


NEWLANDS, G. and CANTRELL, A. C. A re-appraisal of the rock scorpions (Scorpiones: Hadogenes). Koedoe. v. 28, p. 35-45, 1985.


NEWLANDS, G. and MARTINDALE, C. B. The buthid scorpion fauna of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia with checklists and keys to the genera and species, distributions and medical importance (Arachnida: Scorpiones). South African Institute for Medical Research. v. 67, p. 51-77, 1980.


OJANGUREN-AFFILASTRO, A.A., ADILARDI, R.S., CAJADE, R., RAMÍREZ M.J., CECCARELLI, F.S., MOLA L.M. Multiple approaches to understanding the taxonomic status of an enigmatic new scorpion species of the genus Tityus (Buthidae) from the biogeographic island of Paraje Tres Cerros (Argentina). Plos ONE. v. 12, n. 7, e0181337, 2017.


PIZA, S. T. “Ouro Preto”, nova e interessante raça cromossômica de Tityus bahiensis (Scorpiones – Buthidae). Scientia Genetica. v. 3, p. 147-159, 1949.


PIZA, S. T. A case of spontaneous end-to-end permanent union of two non-homologous chromosomes in the Brazilian scorpion Tityus bahiensis accompanied by irregularities in pairing. Revista de Agricultura. v. 19, p. 133-147, 1944.


PIZA, S. T. A propósito da meiose de Tityus bahiensis. Revista de Agricultura. v. 18, p. 351-369, 1943b.


PIZA, S. T. Comportamento dos cromossomos na primeira divisão do espermatócito do Tityus bahiensis. Scientia Genetica. v. 1, p. 255-261, 1939a.


PIZA, S. T. Considerações em torno da meiose do Tityus bahiensis (Scorpiones-Buthidae) e uma nova teoria sobre a movimentação dos cromossômios. Jornal de Agronomia. v. 2, p. 343-370, 1939b.


PIZA, S. T. Interessante comportamento dos cromossômios na espermatogênese do escorpião Isometrus maculatus De Geer. Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, v. 62, p. 177-182, 1947b.


PIZA, S. T. Meiosis in the male of the Brazilian scorpion Tityus bahiensis. Revista de Agricultura. v. 18, p. 249-276, 1943a.


PIZA, S. T. Notable geographical expansion of a peculiar type of chromosomal constitution of the cosmopolitan scorpion Isometrus maculatus. Arquivos do Museu Nacional. v.42, p.611-612, 1955.

PIZA, S. T. Notas sobre cromossômios de alguns escorpiões brasileiros. Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, v. 62, p. 169-176, 1947a.


PIZA, S. T. Observações cromossômicas em escorpiões brasileiros. Ciência e Cultura. v. 2, p. 202-206, 1950b.


PIZA, S. T. Poliploidia natural em Tityus bahiensis (Scorpiones) associada a aberrações cromossômicas espontâneas. Revista de Biologia e Hygiene. v. 10, p. 143-155, 1940.


PIZA, S. T. Primeiras observações sobre os cromossômios de Tityus trivittatus Krpln (Scorpiones – Buthidae). Revista de Agricultura de São Paulo. v. 24, p. 177-180, 1948a.


PIZA, S. T. Primeiras observações sôbre os cromossômios do Tityus metuendus Pocock. Scientia Genetica. v. 4, p. 162-167, 1952.


PIZA, S. T. The chromosomes of Rhopalurus (Scorpiones – Buthidae). The Canadian Entomologist. v. 89, p. 565-568, 1957.


PIZA, S. T. Uma nova raça cromossômica natural de Tityus bahiensis (Scorpiones – Buthidae). Revista de Agricultura de São Paulo. v. 24, p. 181-186, 1948b.


PIZA, S. T. Uma raça cromossômica natural de Tityus bahiensis (Scorpiones- Buthidae). Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, v. 62, p. 183-192, 1947c.


PIZA, S. T. Variações cromossômicas do Tityus bahiensis de Ribeirão Preto. Ciência e Cultura. v. 2, p. 57-59, 1950a.


PIZA, S. T. Variações cromossômicas do Tityus bahiensis de São Joaquim. Revista de Agricultura de São Paulo. v. 24, p. 187-194, 1848c.


PLÍŠKOVÁ, J.; KOVAŘÍK, F.; KOŠULIČ, O. and ŠŤÁHLAVSKÝ, F. Description of a new species of Heterometrus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae) from Thailand with remarks about the utilization of cytogenetic data in taxonomy of the genus. Annales Zoologici. v. 66, n. 3, p. 467-476, 2016.


QUMSIYEH, M. B.; SALMAN, I. N. A.; SALSAA, M. and AMR, Z. S. Records of scorpions from the Palestinian Territories, with the first chromosomal data (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Zoology in the Middle East. v. 59, n. 1, p. 70-76, 2013.


QUMSIYEH, M. B.; AMR, Z. S.; SROUR, K. T. A.; AL-FAWAGHRA, N. Karyotype for Nebo hierichonticus (Simon 1872) from the Palestinian Territories (Scorpiones: Scorpiopidae). Cytologia. v.79, 277-280, 2014.


RAJASEKARASETTY, M. R.; ASWATHANARAYANA, N. V. and KUMARASWAMY, K. R. Chromosome biology of the scorpion Palamnaeus sp. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. v. 88, p. 187-192, 1979.


RIESS, R. W.; BARKER, K. R. and BIESELE, J.J. Nuclear and chromosomal changes during sperm formation in the scorpion, Centruroides vittatus (Say). Caryologia. v. 31, p. 147-160, 1978.


RODRÍGUEZ-GIL, S. G.; OJANGUREN-AFFILASTRO, A. A.; BARRAL, L. M.; SCIOSCIA, C. L. and MOLA, L. M. Cytogenetic of three species of the genus Brachistosternus from Argentina (Scorpiones: Bothriuridae). The Journal of Arachnology. v. 37, p. 331-337, 2009.


SADÍLEK, D.; NGUYEN, P.; KOÇ, H.; KOVARÍK, F.; YAGMUR, E. A.; STAHLAVSKÝ, F. Molecular cytogenetics of Androctonus Scorpions: an oasis of calm in the turbulent karyotype evolution of the diverse family Buthidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. v. 115, p. 69-76, 2015.


SATO, I. Studies on the cytoplasmic phenomena in the spermatogenesis of the Oriental scorpion, Buthus martensii, with special reference to the structure of the chondriosome ring and the dictyokinesis. Journal of Science of the Hirosima University. v. 8, p. 1-116, 1940.


SCHNEIDER, M. C. and CELLA, D. M. Karyotype conservation in 2 populations of the parthenogenetic scorpion Tityus serrulatus (Buthidae): rDNA and its associated heterochromatin are concentrated on only one chromosome. Journal of Heredity. v. 101, p. 491-496, 2010.


SCHNEIDER, M. C.; ZACARO, A. A.; PINTO-DA-ROCHA, R.; CANDIDO, D. M. and CELLA, D. M. A comparative cytogenetic analysis of 2 Bothriuridae species and overview of the chromosome data of Scorpiones. Journal of Heredity. v. 100, p. 545–555, 2009a.


SHANAHAN, C. M. Cytogenetics of Australian scorpions. I. Interchange polymorphism in the family Buthidae. Genome. v. 32, p. 882-889, 1989a.


SHANAHAN, C. M. Cytogenetics of Australian scorpions. II. Chromosome polymorphism in species of Urodacus (family Scorpionidae). Genome. v. 32, p. 890-900, 1989b.


SHARMA, G. P.; PARSHAD, R. and JONEJA, M. G. Chromosome mechanism in the males of three species of scorpions (Scorpiones – Buthidae). Research Bulllletin of the Panjab University. v. 10. p. 197-207, 1959.


SHARMA, G. P. PARSHAD, R. and HANDA, R. Meiosis in two species of Palamnaeus (Scorpiones – Scorpionidae). Research Bulletin (N. S.) of the Panjab University. v. 13, p. 85-89, 1962.


SOKOLOW, I. Untersuchungen uber die spermatogenese bei den arachniden. I. Uber die spermatogenese der skorpione. Archiv fur Zellforschung. p. 399-432, 1913.


SRIVASTAVA, M. D. L. and AGRAWAL, U. Absence of chiasmata and formation of a complex chromosomal body in the spermatogenesis of the scorpion Palamnaeus longimanus. Caryologia. v. 14, p. 63-77. 1961.


STAHLAVYSKY, F.; KOÇ, H.; YAGMUR, E. A. The first record of karyotypes in Leirus abdullahbayrami and Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Turkey. North-Western Journal of Zoology. v.10, p. 355-358, 2014.


ŠŤÁHLAVSKÝ, F.; ŠTUNDLOVÁ, J.; LOWE, G.; STOCKMANN, M.; KOVAŘÍK, F. Application of cytogenetic markers in the taxonomy of flat rock scorpions (Scorpiones: Hormuridae), with the description of Hadogenes weygoldti sp. n. Zoologischer Anzeiger. v. 273, p. 173-182, 2018.


TAKAHASHI, C. S. Cytogenetical studies on the effects of high natural radiation levels in Tityus bahiensis (Scorpiones, Buthidae) from Morro do Ferro, Brazil. Radiation Research. v. 67, p. 371-381, 1976.


UBINSKI, C. V.; CARVALHO, L. S.; SCHNEIDER, M. C. Mechanisms of karyotype evolution in the brazilian scorpions of the subfamily Centruroidinae (Buthidae). Genetica. v.146, n. 6, p. 475-486, 2018.


VENKATANARASIMHAIAH, C. B. Further contributions to the cytology of Indian scorpions, IV: chromosomal behavior in male meiosis of Palamnaeus swammerdami Simon. Mysore University Journal. v. 18, p. 5-11, 1965.


VENKATANARASIMHIAH, C. B. and RAJASEKARASETTY, M. R. Contribuitions to the cytology of Indian scorpions. Chromosomal behaviour in the male meiosis of Palamnaeus gravimanus. Caryologia. v. 17, p. 195-201, 1964b.


VENKATANARASIMHIAH, C. B. and RAJASEKARASETTY, M. R. Contributions to the cytology of Indian scorpions. Experientia, v. 21, p.154, 1964a.


VÍTKOVÁ, M.; KRÁL, J.; TRAUT, W.; ZRZAVÝ, J. and MAREC, F. The evolutionary origin of insect telomeric repeats, (TTAGG)n. Chromosome Research, v. 13, p. 145–156, 2005.


WILSON, E. B. The distribution of sperm-forming materials in scorpions. Journal of Morphology and Physiology. v. 52, p. 429-483, 1931.


YAMAZAKI, K.; YAHATA, H.; KOBAYASHI, N. and MAKIOKA, T. Egg maturation and parthenogenetic recovery of diploidy in the scorpion Liocheles australasiae (Fabricius) (Scorpions, Ischnuridae). Journal of Morphology. v. 247, p. 39-50, 2001.


Introduction of Database Families - Cytogenetics of spiders Bibliography Arthropoda cytogenetics group Spider database Pseudoscorpion database Harvestmen database Chromosomal analyses